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Pathway Gastroenteritis

Pathway Gastroenteritis

Gastroenteritis is a general term for an infection or irritation of the digestive tract, mainly the stomach and intestine. The main risk with this disease is dehydration which is much more likely in the very young, very old and those with other medical conditions which may be compounded.

There are several causes of gastroenteritis and some of them are due to bacteria and other because of viruses. Gastroenteritis is actually very similar to food poisoning and diarrhea.

You can catch it from someone else who has it, or you can get it from food poisoning. Food poisoning can happen if you eat foods that contain harmful germs. germs can get into food while the food is growing, during processing, or when it sis prepared. you may also become ill after eating meat or eggs that weren't cooked enough or by eating other unsafe foods or water.

The classic symptoms of gastroenteritis begin with severe abdomen pain usually. It is not a constant pain but it is more like cramps which come and go frequently in a rhythmic fashion. It may be excessive pain. Nausea and vomiting is another sign as the body stops accepting any more food until the bacteria or virus is cleared out. Headaches are another symptom that is caused due to the dehydrating effect of the disease. Diarrhea is also a primary symptom and due to excessive diarrhea dehydration is also caused. The person may be going to the bathroom to pass motion more than three to four times in an hour and also are constantly thirsty. However, gastroenteritis is diagnosed only after a blood and stool test and is determined based on which bacteria or virus was found.

What should you do at home?

* Drink plenty of fluids. Choose water and other caffeine- free clear fluids until you feel better. If you have kidney, heart or liver disease and have to limit fluids, talk to your doctor before you increase how much fluid you drink.

* Drink fluids slowly, in frequent, small amounts. Drinking too fast can cause vomiting.

* Electrolytes should also be replaced, especially if vomiting or diarrhea last longer than 24 hrs. Electrolytes are minerals in your blood that keep many systems in your body working smoothly. If you have long period and diarrhea, you can lose minerals. sports drinks, which contain a mix of salt, sugar and minerals may replace electrolytes.

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