Saturday, January 21, 2012

Pathway Diabetes Mellitus

Pathway Diabetes Mellitus

Pathway DM

Diabetes mellitus is a disease caused by defective carbohydrate metabolism and characterized by abnormally large amounts of sugar in the blood and urine.

There are three main types of diabetes:
  • Type 1 diabetes:results from the body's failure to produce insulin, and presently requires the person to inject insulin. (Also referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM for short, and juvenile diabetes.)
  • Type 2 diabetes:results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency. (Formerly referred to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM for short, and adult-onset diabetes.)
  • Gestational diabetes:is when pregnant women, who have never had diabetes before, have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. It may precede development of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Symptoms
  • Thirst
  • Dehydration
  • Passing large quantitues of urine
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Weight loss
  • Tiredness and lethargy
  • Blurred vision resulting from dehydration of the lens in the eye
Causes: The cause of diabetes depends on the type.Insulin is the principal hormone that regulates uptake of glucose from the blood into most cells (primarily muscle and fat cells, but not central nervous system cells). Therefore deficiency of insulin or the insensitivity of its receptors plays a central role in all forms of diabetes mellitus.

 Pathway Diabetes Mellitus

Pathway Diabetes Mellitus

Pathway Diabetes Mellitus

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